Hyperspectral Image Classification Using Graph Clustering Methods
Zhaoyi Meng, Ekaterina Merkurjev, Alice Koniges, Andrea L. Bertozzi
⚠ This is a preprint. It may change before it is accepted for publication.

Abstract

Hyperspectral imagery is a challenging modality due to the dimension of the pixels which can range from hundreds to over a thousand frequencies depending on the sensor. Most methods in the literature reduce the dimension of the data using a method such as principal component analysis, however this procedure can lose information. More recently methods have been de- veloped to address classification of large datasets in high dimensions. This paper presents two classes of graph-based classification methods for hyperspectral imagery. Using the full dimensionality of the data, we consider a similarity graph based on pairwise comparisons of pixels. The graph is segmented using a pseudospectral algorithm for graph clustering that requires information about the eigenfunctions of the graph Laplacian but does not require computation of the full graph. We develop a parallel version of the Nyström extension method to randomly sample the graph to construct a low rank approximation of the graph Laplacian. With at most a few hundred eigenfunctions, we can implement the clustering method designed to solve a variational problem for a graph-cut-based semi-supervised or unsupervised classification problem. We implement OpenMP directive-based parallelism in our algorithms and show performance improvement and strong, almost ideal, scaling behavior. The method can handle very large datasets including a video sequence with over a million pixels, and the problem of segmenting a data set into a pre-determined number of classes.

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