Implementing Handheld Burst Super-Resolution
Jamy Lafenetre, Gabriele Facciolo, Thomas Eboli
Jamy Lafenetre, Gabriele Facciolo, and Thomas Eboli, Implementing Handheld Burst Super-Resolution, Image Processing On Line, 13 (2023), pp. 227–257.

Communicated by Mauricio Delbracio and Thibaud Ehret
Demo edited by Jamy Lafenetre and Thomas Eboli


Nowadays, smartphone cameras capture bursts of raw photographs whenever the trigger is pressed. These photos are then fused to produce a single picture with higher quality. This paper details the implementation of the method 'Handheld Multi-Frame Super-Resolution algorithm' by Wronski et al. (used in the Google Pixel 3 camera), which performs simultaneously multi-image super-resolution demosaicking and denoising from a burst of images. Hand tremors during exposure cause subpixel motions, which combined with the Bayer color filter array of the sensor results in a collection of aliased and shifted raw photographs of the same scene. The algorithm efficiently aligns and fuses these signals into a single high-resolution one by leveraging the aliasing to reconstruct the high-frequencies of the signal up to the Nyquist rate of the sensor. This approach yields digitally zoomed images up to a factor of 2, which is the limit naturally set by the sensor pixel integration. We present an in-depth description of this algorithm, along with numerous implementation details we have found to reproduce the results of the original paper, whose code is not publicly available.